About Ecuador

Here’s some quick facts about Ecuador, readily available on Wikipedia (my primary source) but thought it would be handy to share some highlights here.

Click here if you want to see where we went while in Ecuador.

Location: In South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland. Ecuador straddles the equator, from which it takes its name.

Size: It has an area of 272,046 km2 (109,483 sq mi) about a quarter of the size of Ontario!

Languages: Two official languages – Spanish and Quichua.

Currency: American dollar

Population: Approximately 15 million people.

Major cities:

  • Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic centre in Latin America.
  • The country’s largest city is Guayaquil.
  • The historic centre of Cuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of a planned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.

Other cool facts:

  • Ecuador is also home—despite its size—to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, like those of the Galápagos islands. This species diversity makes Ecuador one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.
  • The new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.

Sorry, comments have been turned off on this page. Feel free to leave a comment through the "Contact Us" page.

Comments are closed.